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MARCEL BREUER
Founded in 1919, by architect Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus, located in Weimar, Germany, became one of the most innovative schools of the twentieth century, notably for its multi-disciplinary approach to design. Under the direction of Gropius, it carried out a mission to marry functional design with the principles of fine art. 

 Hungarian-born Marcel Breuer (1902–1981) was barely eighteen years old, in 1921, when he enrolled in the school’s carpentry program, but his talent was soon recognized by Gropius, who promoted him to head the furniture department. Through teaching, Breuer became acquainted with some of the era’s most significant artists, including Wassily Kandinsky, László Moholy-Nagy, Paul Klee, and Josef Albers, all of whom were faculty members of the school.

In 1928, Breuer relocated to Berlin, in order to establish his own office for architecture and interior design. He quickly received numerous commissions for private houses and public spaces, which led to his first residential assignment, in 1932, for the Harnischmachers, in Wiesbaden. His approach to architecture was summarized when he said, “I am as much interested in the smallest detail as in the whole structure.”

 

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WRITTEN BY JAMES SLATE

 

This story appeared in the Summer 2019 issue of MILIEU.